4 Reasons Why Immigrants Are Essential for Entrepreneurship
There are more entrepreneurs in the United States than ever before. And many of them are immigrants, whose proportion of the U.S. population is the highest in history.
According to the Migration Institute, immigrants in the United States and their U.S.-born children now number approximately 81 million people, or 26 percent of the overall U.S. population.
And many of them have started their own companies, spurred by the financial crash of 2008. That's evidence that the long tradition of the American Dream lives on: Immigrants continue to come to this country to make their dreams come true.
These stories are inspirational, but what many entrepreneurs don’t realize is how essential they themselves are to the success of entrepreneurship itself.
Tomas Gorny's inspiring story
One story that has inspired people is that of Tomas Gorny, the current CEO of Nextiva, a company changing the way cloud communications are used.
Gorny came to America in 1996. Settling down in Hollywood, California, he spoke little English and had little money to his name. But his determination encouraged him on.
For a time, he worked as part of Internet Communications, a web-hosting company, while supplementing his income with a number of part-time jobs. But fate smiled on him: Two years later, after he had become a partner, and Internet Communications sold, Gorny was a millionaire.
Stories like this inspire new entrepreneurs. They inspire domestic entrepreneurs. They think that if an immigrant with no money and no connections can make it, why can’t they?
A new way of doing things
Immigrants bring different experience and philosophical approaches from their native countries. And this is a good thing: It’s easy to let your company grow stale because you follow a standard playbook that you’ve always known.
Bringing an immigrant into your company could completely change your way of doing things.
That’s precisely what Tomas Gorny did with Internet Communications. He rose up the ranks to become a partner, because he did things differently than his coworkers. It was hard work that led to him to achieve success, but not work that was hard as starting over in a new country.
Immigrants can revolutionize the entrepreneurial landscape because of these new ways they bring to the table.
Immigrants already make up a huge proportion of America’s startup community
The National Foundation for American Policy recently conducted a survey of 87 different startups, finding that 44 startups, or more than half, had at least one immigrant founder. This is an obvious reason why immigrants are essential for entrepreneurship: According to the National Foundation study, they already make up a massive proportion of the startup community.
So, if immigrants were to disappear or be restricted -- as statements during the presidential election indicated -- many of those startups employing talented young Americans today would simply disappear. A lot of jobs might disappear, and potentially many new ideas.
If the United States lost such startups, their founders might move them to other countries, which would benefit instead of us, thus weakening American business as a whole.
Because they have everything to lose
Entrepreneurs in the United States are different from those in other countries because of the visa issues they have: It’s extremely difficult to get the relevant visa to stay and work in this country in the first place. Unlike other countries, the United States has no specific visa scheme for immigrant entrepreneurs.
Those who do gain entry are often driven more than anyone else because they have everything to lose. After the long process of obtaining the relevant visa, they are putting all that they've built on the line. Domestic entrepreneurs know they can easily switch careers if things don't work out; so they may be less strongly motivated to succeed, unlike immigrant entrepreneurs with low funds and few connections.
Are immigrants better for U.S. entrepreneurship?
Some of the greatest companies -- like Google and Goldman Sachs -- have been created by immigrant entrepreneurs. Without immigrant entrepreneurs, these companies might have been established in other countries country or never established at all.
There’s no doubt that immigrants are essential for entrepreneurship in this nation simply because they bring so much to the table. Many bring different talents and different experiences that a U.S.-born entrepreneur could never hope to contribute.
These immigrant-owned businesses also employ young people just out of college who get the chance to ply their skills for the first time. People like Gorny only gained the confidence and funding necessary to start their own ventures because they got a start at another company first.
To lose immigrant entrepreneurs, or to constrain them in any way, would be a significant blow to the future of U.S. entrepreneurship. It relies on the input of immigrants to succeed.
What do you think are the biggest benefits that immigrant entrepreneurs have brought to US entrepreneurship?